By Joseph I. Lambert, Major, Second Cavalry
Copyright 1939 Commanding Officer, Second Cavalry, Fort Riley, Kansas
Capper Printing Company, Inc.

us5e2cv61Two new regiments of cavalry were organized under the act of March 3, 1855, to be known as the First and Second Cavalry. With the two dragoon regiments there were now five, including the regiment of Mounted Riflemen organized in 1846. Although known under three different names, these organizations were all light cavalry. The two new regiments were armed with sabers, carbines, and Colt revolvers. The increase in the mounted arm was due to the interest shown by the Secretary of War, Jefferson Davis, a former officer of the First Dragoons, and to the necessity of patrolling the far-flung frontier, now much greater in extent than before the Mexican War. Officers transferred from the Second Dragoons with increased rank to fill up the new regiments were Captain May, First Lieutenant Wood, and Second Lieutenants Stuart and Bell to the First Cavalry, and Captain Hardee, First Lieutenant Oakes, and Second Lieutenant Evans to the Second Cavalry.

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