By Joseph I. Lambert, Major, Second Cavalry
Copyright 1939 Commanding Officer, Second Cavalry, Fort Riley, Kansas
Capper Printing Company, Inc.

CW2During July, 1862, Companies A, B, and D were broken up, the privates transferred to other companies, and the officers, noncommissioned officers, and buglers were sent on recruiting duty. Company A went to New York City, Company B to Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, and Company D to Morristown, Pennsylvania. The regiment had not received a detachment of recruits for four years, and was now reduced to nine officers and 240 enlisted men present for duty.

Other regiments were in a similar depleted condition. This was partly as a result of the lack of apparent knowledge of the possible use of cavalry in the war. General Stoneman was doing good work in organizing and training the cavalry during the year. Unfortunately the commanders of corps, divisions, and brigades asked for a large number of cavalrymen at their headquarters to act as orderlies. This duty in addition to that as escorts and pickets absorbed much of the cavalry. While Pope and other commanders were using up their mounted corps on fruitless missions, Stuart was winning fame for the Southern horseman by judicious use of them, especially on reconnaissance and raids.

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